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Neuro-imaging

Drs Gary Lau, Henry Mak, Raymand Lee, Richard Chang, Windsor Mak, Gilberto Leung, Brian Kot, Edward Hui, Yat Fung Shea, Koon Ho Chan, Joseph Kwan, Jacky Lee and Anderson Tsang

Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy

The MRI images shown here (Figures 1 to 5) are from a patient with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). CAA is caused by the accumulation of aggregated amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in the walls of small to medium-sized arteries and penetrating arterioles. Such aggregates are due to an ...

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Arterio-venous Malformations

Cerebral vascular malformations can be classified by histopathology into 4 major types: Arterio-venous malformations (AVMs) Venous angiomas (developmental venous anomalies) Capillary telangiectasias and Cavernous malformations Arterio-venous malformations (AVMs) are congenital vascular lesions due to dysregulated angiogenesis. They are most often solitary but rarely could be multiple, ...

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Viral Encephalitis

Herpes simplex encephalitis Viral encephalitis is a serious neurological disorder associated with relatively poor outcome. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis is the most common causative agent for viral encephalitis. More than 95% of HSV encephalitis is caused by HSV type 1. HSV 1 is transmitted primarily ...

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Cerebral Abscess

The scans shown are from two immunocompromised patients who presented with high fever and recurrent seizures. The contrast cranial CT of the first patient shows that the patient had a rim-enhancing lesion at the left basal ganglia (Figure 1). A set of cranial MRIs of the ...

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Toxoplasmosis

The set of cranial MRI (coronal cuts) shown here are from a patient presenting with fever and confusion. Multiple, ring-enhancing nodular lesions are noted in the FLAIR sequence (Figures 1 and 2) as well as in the T1W imaging with contrast (Figures 3 and 4). ...

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