Home / Neurology and Neurosurgery (page 10)

Neurology and Neurosurgery

Autoimmune Encephalitis

This cranial MRI is from a young woman who presented with low-grade fever, confusion, visual hallucinations and status epilepticus. Significant orofacial dyskinesias and autonomic dysfunction was also noted. Lumbar puncture was performed and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) revealed mild lymphocytic predominant leukocytosis and slightly elevated protein. ...

Read More »

Bickerstaff’s Encephalitis

A middle-aged woman was admitted with drowsiness, weakness of all four limbs and visual impairment. Physical examination revealed that the patient had bilateral complete ophthalmoplegia, generalized weakness and spasticity,with brisk reflexes and bilateral upgoing plantar reflexes. A hyper-intense lesion at the level of the midbrain ...

Read More »

Hypertonia

In this video, the examiner is testing the tone of the lower limbs. After ensuring that the patient is fully relaxed, he first of all rolls each leg using both hands – one placed above the knee and another below the knee. Then, the examiner lifts up ...

Read More »

Up-going Plantar Reflex

[embed width=”480″ height=”560″]http://youtu.be/m85PldREVHo[/embed][embed width=”480″ height=”560″]https://youtu.be/BDDfIli0TkU[/embed] To elicit this sign, the examiner strikes the patient’s sole using a blunt orange stick, starting from the heel, along the lateral border of the sole then medially to the base of the first toe. As one can see from the two ...

Read More »

Clonus

In this video, the presence of ankle clonus is being tested. Clonus is defined as a series of rhythmic, involuntary muscular contractions induced by sudden passive stretching of a muscle or tendon. To test for ankle clonus, the leg and foot should be relaxed and ...

Read More »

Welcome to the HKU eLearning Platform in Clinical Neurosciences!

If this is the first time you have accessed the platform, we would be most grateful if you could let us know a little bit about you.

 

What is your occupation?

 

Student

 

Medical doctor

 

Others

 

How did you hear about this platform?