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Tag Archives: Reflexes

Upper Limbs

Subtitles in English for this video can be displayed by clicking on  (first button on the bottom right hand corner of the video). Inspection of the Upper Limbs After adequate exposure, one should then lay the patient’s arms out comfortably. The examiner should stand at the end ...

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Lower Limbs

Subtitles in English for this video can be displayed by clicking on  (first button on the bottom right hand corner of the video). Inspection of the Lower Limbs After positioning the patient on the bed and ensuring adequate exposure, the lower limbs should be inspected as ...

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Examining the Cranial Nerves

Subtitles in English for this video can be displayed by clicking on  (first button on the bottom right hand corner of the video). General Inspection During the general inspection of the cranial nerves, we should look for whether the patient has any ptosis, abnormal eye movements and facial asymmetry. We should also ...

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Up-going Plantar Reflex

[embed width=”480″ height=”560″]http://youtu.be/m85PldREVHo[/embed][embed width=”480″ height=”560″]https://youtu.be/BDDfIli0TkU[/embed] To elicit this sign, the examiner strikes the patient’s sole using a blunt orange stick, starting from the heel, along the lateral border of the sole then medially to the base of the first toe. As one can see from the two ...

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Areflexia

The knee-jerk, ankle-jerk and plantar reflexes are being examined in this patient. There is a slight down-going plantar reflex on the right side. Otherwise, all other reflexes are absent. Discussion of the sign Areflexia may indicate deficits in the reflex loop. This may be due to ...

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